What is fly fishing?


Unlike traditional fishing that relies on the weight or weight of the fishing lure to cast and pull the line from the reel, fly fishing uses a specialised, lightweight ‘fly’ as bait. The weight of the casting line itself is used to flex the rod and carries the fly to the target area. The unique weighted lines are simply called fly lines and are the defining difference between normal casting and fly casting. This requires a different set of casting skills and techniques.

Equipment Used in Fly Fishing

  • Fly Rod: Specially designed to be lightweight and responsive, allowing for the casting of the fly line.
  • Fly Reel: Holds the fly line and helps in controlling the line during casting, retrieval and playing fish.
  • Fly Line: Heavier and thicker than traditional fishing lines, designed to cast the lightweight flies. Fly lines have their own dedicated line rating system.
  • Leader & Tippet: Clear lines that connect the end of the heavier fly line to the fly, helping to conceal the line from fish.
  • Flies & Fly Boxes: Artificial lures made to imitate insects, small fish, or other prey. They can float on the water (dry flies) or sink (wet flies, nymphs, and streamers).

The Technique


Casting in fly fishing is a skilled motion that includes specific timing and practice, often described as an art form. The goal is to present the fly to the fish in a natural manner, imitating real insects or prey.

Types of Fly Fishing

  • Freshwater Fly Fishing: Often done in rivers, streams and lakes or lochs. Targets species like trout, salmon, graying and pike and bass.
  • UK Saltwater Fly Fishing: Done in oceans and estuaries, targeting species like bass, mullet and pollack.
  • Tropical Saltwater Fly Fishing: Done in oceans and estuaries abroad, targeting species like bonefish, tarpon and Giant Trevally.

The Experience


Fly fishing is known for its serene and immersive nature. It’s as much about the experience and connection with the natural world as it is about catching fish.

Conservation and Ethical Practices


Fly fishing communities often emphasise conservation and responsible fishing practices. Catch and release are common, ensuring minimal harm to local fish populations.

Why Try Fly Fishing?


  • Connection with Nature: Offers a unique way to experience and interact with the natural environment.
  • Challenge and Skill Development: Mastering fly fishing techniques can be a rewarding challenge, offering a continuous learning curve. Achieving the perfect cast can often be a lifelong passion. Trout anglers can emerse themselves in learning the life cycle of insects (entomology)
  • Relaxation and Mindfulness: The rhythmic nature of casting and the focus required can be a form of moving meditation, offering mental and emotional benefits.
  • Community and Tradition: Fly fishing has a rich cultural heritage and a vibrant community of enthusiasts. Engaging in this sport often leads to sharing knowledge, stories, and experiences with fellow anglers.


Fly fishing is more than just a way to catch fish; it’s a blend of skill, art, and communion with nature. Whether you’re wading in a crystal-clear stream or casting into the vast ocean, fly fishing offers an enriching and fulfilling experience that resonates well beyond the catch. It’s a sport that invites patience, respect for the environment, and a deep appreciation for the subtleties of nature. Whether you’re a seasoned angler or a curious beginner, the world of fly fishing welcomes you to explore its depths and enjoy its many rewards.

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